Saturday, May 23, 2020
The Internet and the Way We Live That the internet has revolutionized the way humans carry out their daily routines is an understatement. People of the 21st century are better interconnected than those of any other time in the history of man. This has especially been facilitated by the social media sites, texting, instant messaging, and checking headlines regarding different stories on the web (Carr, 2010; GreenBlatt, 2010). Undoubtedly, the internet has become central to every aspect of human life. The internet is in shopping avenues, at work places, areas of socialization, and even in the entertainment arena. This has significantly transformed how people take on life and the perspectives they previously held regarding issues in their daily lives (Carr, 2008). This research paper will discuss the way in which the internet has and will continue to change the way people think. To begin with, it is essential to correct the longstanding fallacious notion of equating the web to the internet. The web is an extremely grea t tool for retrieval, as well as dissemination of information. While this fact cannot be trivialized in the general discussion of the internet, it is important to understand that the internet is more than just the web (Brockman, 2011). The internet is a global network of computers that facilitates many things, one of which is the web. Accordingly, its applications exceed the usual communication between people. Cumulatively, these applications are the onesShow MoreRelatedThe Internet Is The Greatest Invention Of The 20th Century977 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Internet is the greatest invention of the 20th Century because it changed the course of humanity. It literally has impacted us all in very beneficial ways. The Internet is Ã¢â¬Å"a global communication network that allows almost all computers worldwide to connect and exchange informationÃ¢â¬ (dictionary.com). It connects billions of devices worldwide. Why is the Internet so great? Well, it has for one thing impacted education in an enormous way. Education is now the fundamental skill for life. TheRead MorePros And Disadvantages Of The Internet1250 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Internet is a beneficial tool that an immeasurable amount of people use. Some see it as source of entertainment. Others might see it as a way to get quick information or a good place to share ideas and opinions. As amazing as the internet is, could it really have a downfall or disadvantage? With always improving technology like the internet around, people find it hard to just sit down and look through a book or even flip through a magazine. The internet has so much to offer. To some it may seemRead MoreIs Google Making Us Stupid: Summary and Response Essay1145 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshow the internet is changing our lives by making us mentally process information differently from the past, based off previous changes in history. Carr explains how we think less deeply and rely on quick facts, versus using critical thinking and research. Also he explains how our brain is malleable, and may be changed by the internetÃ¢â¬â¢s impression. Lastly Carr talks about what the internet may become in the future, and how it could make us more like computers. I believe CarrÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas on the way the internetRead More`` Is Google Making Us Stupid?1384 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTechnology is slowly taking over our lives. Individuals can chat with their loved ones whenever they want, even those who are many miles away. With a click of a button, one can purchase something from halfway around the world. Perhaps more importantly, technology is changing the way we access information; anything is accessible in mere seconds. This implementation has resulted in the most aware society of all time. Most information is just a quick and simple Google search away. An article, writtenRead MoreThe Internet And Its Effect On Society1540 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWe are living in a world where the Internet has become an integral part of our everyday life. Everything is at our fingertips through the Internet: school, work, business, personal, and so forth; that our society has made its usage almost mandatory. It has made everything easier and people today cannot even imagine how their lives would be without this genre of technologies. But, we cannot expect that something as useful as the Internet will not have adversely effects in people. However, in thisRead MoreThe Internet From A Social and Communications Perspective Essay1720 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe internet 6.2 World dependency Ã¯Æ'Ë Organizations and corporations/ Commercial Internet Ã¯Æ'Ë Education Ã¯Æ'Ë Mass Share of the information Ã¯Æ'Ë Politics Ã¯Æ'Ë Safety (cybercrime, the web economy) 6.3 Impact on personality Ã¯Æ'Ë Specifics Ã¯Æ'Ë Identity, Anonymity and Role Modeling Ã¯Æ'Ë Internet addiction Ã¯Æ'Ë Personality conflicts (and reality vs. virtuality) Ã¯Æ'Ë Degradation of personality, mental problems) Ã¯Æ'Ë Multitasking 6.4 Social characteristics Ã¯Æ'Ë Variety of communication Ã¯Æ'Ë Social networks Ã¯Æ'Ë Internet cultureRead MoreThe Internet Benefits The Human Race993 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe internet is the one of the greatest things ever invented. The internet has unlimited amounts of information, no matter what topic, there is an answer for it. The internet benefits the human race because there is no limit to how much we can learn. It can also be used to help in our daily schedule. For instance, if someone is fixing their car and they don t know how to fix it, they can go on the internet and find out how to fix it. The internet has changed the way we view the world. It has changedRead MoreEffects of Technology925 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEffects of Technology Technology has been a great impact in our lives. It has quickly developed and continues to expand in our lives. As new generations develop, new technological devices continue to develop as well. Some believe that technology has had a good impact in our lives like Richard Woods. Others like me believe that technology brings a lot of negative effects to our personal and social lives as Sarah Kershaw mentions. We now depend on technology, which affects us and causes us to get badRead MorePrivilege Or A Necessity : The Internet896 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Privilege or a necessity: The Internet. Do you believe that the internet is a privilege or a necessity? How would you feel if the internet didnÃ¢â¬â¢t exist? Many believe that it should be either a human right or a civil right. Although these may sound the same or similar, there is a huge difference between them and also a different meaning between the two. According to HG.org Human rights is defined as Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬â¢ generally thought as fundamental rights. They include the right to life, education, free expressionRead MoreMarketing At Cloud Mobile App Development Platform Kii1374 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe next few years, we see it becoming an integral part of our lives, whether it is through smart homes, smart cars or smart health care. It s clear that the Internet of Things will disrupt most industries (Fallon, 2014, para. 2). Today, many of us have, at least two or more connected devices like laptops, smart phones, tablets, including other devices such as TVs, cameras, etc. Then there is a rapidly growing range of o ther smart appliances that can now connect via the internet, such as, a fridge
Monday, May 11, 2020
Many people would argue that todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society has loose morals and people are promiscuous. In the novel Brave New World, that is not a problem because everyone belongs to everyone else. People are expected to be in many relationships with whomever they like. In the novel Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, he includes the aspect that everyone belongs to everyone else. I believe he includes that due to the fact that it is very common to have sexual intercourse with anyone nowadays without the benefit of marriage. According to the novel, marriage is immoral and when a when a character named John mentions the idea of marriage to a fellow character named Helmholtz, he laughs uncontrollably. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦when Juliet said this, Helmholtz broke out in an explosion of uncontrollable guffawingÃ¢â¬ (Brave New World, Chapter Twelve) Huxley intended to add meaningless encounters in the novel and that everyone should be pneumatic because it reflects how the generation is acting towards ea ch other. People may have not realize what they are doing but he may have thought that if he includes it in his novel, then people might reflect it among themselves. Huxley intentionally added sexual intercourse in the novel due to the fact that it is easy to get in this generation. I believe he is showing a message that engaging with others is not difficult to achieve. Although, in my opinion, Huxley is also trying to make his readers realize that having sexual intercourse should be sacred and only be shared with theShow MoreRelatedA Brave New World by Aldous Huxley668 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesIn Brave New World, there are similarities that have a deeper meaning that we can understand. There are personal effects in Aldous Huxley life that contribute to what he has written in the book. Aldous Huxley throughout his life have seen, done, and events have happened to him, just like all of us, but he has expressed it in his book. So when Aldous wrote the he had so many ideas. I have read the book; itÃ¢â¬â¢s notRead MoreBrave New World by Aldous Huxley811 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Brave New World is based around characters who gave up the right of freedom for happiness; characters who ignored the truth so that they could live in a utopian civilization. The deceiving happiness was a constant reminder throughout the book. Almost every character in Brave New World did whatever they could to avoid facing the truth about their own situations. In this society, happiness is not compatible with the truth because the World State believes that happiness was at the expense of theRead MoreBrave New World By Aldous Huxley1525 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesA Brave New Feminist The novel Brave New World written by Aldous Huxley in 1932 is known for its social satire, utopian values, and unusual standpoints on stereotypical gender roles. In this time where futuristic technology has completely taken over, and men and women are given the same opportunities for everything, Ã¢â¬Å"the genders appear equal within the social order; both men and women work at the same jobs, have equal choice in sexual partners, and participate in the same leisure pursuitsÃ¢â¬ (MarchRead MoreA Brave New World by Aldous Huxley664 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesfor the fact being in the future and in the past time has changed and many differences were made. In his Dystopian Society Huxley portrays masses of niches where the government produces clones for specific reasons. Huxley decides throughout Brave New World that cloning humans is unethical. He then becomes in contact with the societyÃ¢â¬â¢s most powerful Alphas and Betas clones. Huxley suggest in BNW that lower class groups in clo ning humans to act like servants to terrorize them into working hard conditionsRead MoreA Brave New World by Aldous Huxley1189 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages In the world of sex, drugs, and baby cloning you are going to be in many situations where you feel like the world we live in should be different. In the story Brave New World, they had sex with multiple partners along with a very bad use of drugs. It is weird that Aldous Huxley wrote this book in 1931 about the world he was living in during that time and how it is similar to the world we live in today. Nowadays, drugs are still being used and people are still engaging in sexual encounters withRead MoreBrave New World By Aldous Huxley968 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAldous HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s utopia in Brave New World foreshadowed and illuminated the complications within modern day society. Upon its release, the narrative became widely banned all over the United States due to the unorthodox thoughts and actions of multiple characters in it. Early readers, as well as modern day audiences, feared and rejected the ideals that Huxley incorporated into his perfect society; however, our society today is heading towards the dark paths the older generations desired to avoid. Read MoreA Brave New World by Aldous Huxley895 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthe novel Brave New World, Aldous Huxley tells of a society where everyone is the same but, compared to t odayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, everything is different. Huxley tells of a world where everything that happens or takes place is because of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own desire and nothing more. The hero in the novel, a Ã¢â¬Å"savageÃ¢â¬ named John, is HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s main focal point. It is through his eyes and mind that the reader sees whatÃ¢â¬â¢s going on. Now when I read this novel, I began to think, Ã¢â¬Å"Could this perfect, conformed world actuallyRead MoreA Brave New World by Aldous Huxley1684 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesimperfect world and is usually only a hopeful dream. These types of worlds can greatly be described in detail through the world of science fiction. Aldous Huxley was an English writer who lived during a time when war and chaos were engulfing the world. His works reflect his view and thoughts on a dystopia, which is a false utopia, and describes what could occur in possible governments of the world. The ability to understand and dive into the thoughts of the author is what make s world literatureRead MoreA Brave New World by Aldous Huxley614 Words Ã |Ã 2 Pagesthem truly happy. What if someone were to tell you that what you thought was true happiness was all an illusion. In a Brave New World by Aldous Huxley people in the world state are conditioned and drugged up by soma to not experience true happiness. In a world that is perfect, human beings do not have to depend on drugs to keep our world in balance. In a Brave New World by Aldous Huxley there is always a perfect drug called soma that keeps everyone happy, which they have based their society on. ThisRead MoreA Brave New World by Aldous Huxley948 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWelcome to a world were Ã¢â¬Å"BraveÃ¢â¬ is not just a word; It has a true meaning. This is a story were everything as you know it, doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t seem to be right and will completely change your way of thinking. When this story was written, life was very harsh for many peopleÃ¢â¬ ¦.Mostly for the author who wrote Ã¢â¬Å"Brave New WorldÃ¢â¬ During this time (1930s) they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have much sexual content Living The Future Of The Past In The PresentÃ¢â¬ ¦.. In the air; But Aldous made a future full of sex for them and we are the
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Typefaces vary greatly Ã¢â¬â they have different looks and deferent meanings for people. Certain typefaces are very formal and elegant; others are casual and relaxed. Some typefaces suggest antiquity; others are very modern. We will write a custom essay sample on Typography or any similar topic only for you Order Now The point is that, Just as the size of the television screen affects television programs, so do the typefaces chosen affect how people will Interpret a given message. Ã¢â¬ (Berger 2008) Here are 4 example of typography that I will explore In the essay. First, we have the phase Happy Birthday. This example of happy birthday is a happy feeling for a hillÃ¢â¬â¢s birthday. It gives the impression of fun, excitement. The use of purple let you know that this will be a little girlÃ¢â¬â¢s party. You can use bright purple when promoting childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s products. Ã¢â¬Å"We are affected by the size of a given typeface because size affects the way we respond to the design of individual lettersÃ¢â¬ (Berger 2008). This is why I decided to use a large type size for this phase. Happy Birthday Magnolia Grove Bed ; Breakfast Jackson, Mississippi This example Is a way to combine typefaces with similar proportions. Ã¢â¬Å"Proportions Involves how they relate to one another In general, relative to the size or area of the visual field being 200). Here, two hard-w;irking typefaces assigned supporting roles: the Brush Script MET that serves as the spotlight by appearing big and the Basketballs Old Face serves for text. Love is patient and kind This example of script font is elegant and formal. This typography is a design that you would use for a wedding. Script fonts are usually use for formal invitation such as wedding invitations such as wedding, formal dinner parties or in my case I use this font when I am scrapbook. This typography has a feminine feel to me Mexico This example really reminds me of a Mexico. The bold color of red Is an example of all the bright and bold colors of Mexico. Why is typography important? Typography has many advantages and its use has Decode Important Tort various communications on a global level. Learn more auto why the use of type is a staple in everyday life and how its use is something on which we all rely. Reference Berger, A. (2008). Seeing is Believing: An Introduction to Visual Communication (3rd deed. ). New York: McGraw-Hill How to cite Typography, Papers
Thursday, April 30, 2020
There are two sides to people who blame Europeans for introducing regimes of labor exploitation and markets for enslaved persons from the fifteenth century to the nineteenth century, which devastated African societies and those who argue Europeans that had extended older social, economic and political arrangements that already existed in most of Africa. From the class discussions and reading my opinion of the issue is Europeans just commercialese and exploited the slave trading business, so Europeans should not be at fault for starting the slave trade.Slavery has been practiced or almost the all of recorded history; the African slave trade has left a legacy which cannot be ignored. Slavery existed within sub-Sahara African societies before the arrival Of Europeans. The internal trade was conducted within the African continent itself. It involved trade between North Africa and West Africa. Africans were exposed to several forms of slavery over the centuries, including slavery under both the Muslims with the sub-Sahara slave trade slave trade, and Europeans through the trans-Atlantic slave trade. We will write a custom essay sample on Sub Saharan Slave Trade and Europeans Effect or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page For my research topic I will explore the sub-Sahara slave trade though westernAfrican kingdoms of the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire, and Shanghai Empire and how the Europeans effected and expanded slavery in western Africa to the newly founded America. This topic means a great deal to me because in the past I was unaware of the details of the sub-Sahara slave trade and what exactly went on in these early African Kingdoms before the Europeans arrived. Trans-Sahara trade, between Mediterranean countries and West Africa, was an important trade route from the eighth century until the late sixteenth century. The powerful kingdoms in West Africa great wealth is based on trade ether than conquest.Much warfare goes on between them; this permits the ruler of the most powerful state to demand the submission of the others. The main business was the controlling of the caravans, merchants and camels . These routes run north and south through the Sahara. And the most precious of the commodities moving north is African gold. Camels were the key to the Trans Sahara trade, because camels were adapted to the dessert climate and needed less water and rest. The trade was conducted by caravans of Arabian camels. These camels would be fattened for a number of months before Ewing assembled into a caravan.According to Bin Batista, the explorer who accompanied one of the caravans, the average size was a thousand camels per caravan, with some being as large as 1 2,000 . The caravans would be guided by highly paid Barber guides who knew the desert and could ensure safe passage from their fellow desert nomads. Due to the Trans-Sahara trade Timeout was founded and established, Islamic religion prospered, internal trade arose all through western Africa. This trade route opened a new gateway for southern Africa and northern Africa and the Middle East to began o trade good and slaves which exposed a new trade partner to acquire more wealth.There were various forms of slavery that existed in Africa such as Chattel Slavery which is the servitude relationship where the slave is treated as the property of the owner . As such, the owner is free to sell, trade, or treat the slave as they would other pieces of property, Domestic service while slaves would work primarily in the house of the master but retain some freedoms. Pawnshop is the use of people as collateral to secure the repayment of debt. Military slavery was the acquisition and training of conscripted military units which would retain the identity of military slaves even after their service .Some countries in the African continent had thei r own systems of slavery. People were enslaved as punishment for a crime, payment for a debt or as a prisoner of war. However, African slavery was different from what was to come later. Most enslaved people were captured in battle. In some kingdoms, temporary slavery was a punishment for some crimes. In some cases, enslaved people could work to buy their freedom. Children Of enslaved people did not automatically become slaves but had a chance to be free. Women made up the majorsÃ ¶y of early African slaves. In addition to agricultural work, female slaves carried out other economic functions, such as trading and cotton spinning and dyeing. They also performed domestic chores, such as preparing food, washing clothes, and cleaning . Powerful African men kept female slaves as wives or concubines, and in many societies these women stood as symbols of male wealth. Male slaves typically farmed and herded animals . Those who belonged to wealthy families and especially of ruling lineages of states also worked as porters and rowers, and learned crafts such as weaving, construction, and metalwork.New slaves were moieties given menial tasks while experienced slaves did the more difficult and dangerous work, such as mining and quarrying. The main industries in pre-colonial Africa were gold mining iron working, salt making, cloth weaving and other art and craft industries. . The Akin people of Ghana for example employed hundreds of slaves in the gold mining industry. The Etsi and the Borrow Faint of Ghana used slaves in the salt making industry In West Africa, historians know about slavery from about 900 AD . But the lives of African slaves in West Africa slaves were extremely different.In many West African societies, land was owned by communities, not by individuals. Social status and class could not be based on land ownership. Instead, they were based on ones place in the social environment. In Africa, many societies recognized slaves as property, but others saw them as dependents that eventually might be integrated into the families of slave owners. Slaves were part of the family as well as private property. Slavery was not a lifetime status, someone might be born free, made a slave for a few years, and then be free again for the rest of their life.Slaves also had rights; they could marry, own repertory, and inherit significant goods from their owner. Slaves could even own slaves themselves. Some West African Societies allowed slaves to attain positions of military or administrative power. Slaves who farmed for their owners were also given plots of land on which to farm and enjoy its proceeds. Slaves could inherit property as well as hold property of their own. Slavery was practiced in diverse ways in the different communities of West Africa prior to European trade.With the development of the trans-Sahara slave trade and the economies of gold in the Western Sale, a number of the major dates became organized around the slave trade, including the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire, and Shanghai Empire. However, other communities in West Africa largely resisted the slave trade. For example the Moss Kingdoms tried to take over key sites in the sub-Sahara trade and, when these efforts failed, the Moss became defenders against slave raiding by the powerful states of the Western Sale. The Moss were a warlike nation With formidable cavalry, who had successfully resisted all past invaders.The Moss would eventually enter the slave trade in the 1 sass with the Atlantic slave trade being the main arrest. Walter Rodney identified no slavery or significant domestic servitude in early European accounts on the Upper Guiana region and I. A. Kangarooing contends that European accounts reveal that the slave trade was not a major activity along the coast controlled by the Your people and Ajax people before Europeans arrived. With the beginning of the Atlantic slave trade, demand for slavery in West Africa increased and a number of states became centered on the slave trade and domestic slavery increased dramatically.The Shanghai Empire was located more to the east, including areas of Niger CLC 375-1591) . The Shanghai Empire was the largest and last of the three major West African empires. The capital was Gao on the Niger River. Shanghai expanded in all directions from Gao. It eventually extended from the Atlantic Ocean to what is now Northwest Nigeria and western Niger. The Empire became rich from the trade routes it controlled and slaves were one of the important commodities. Gao today is a small Niger River trading center, but in its time was one of the most important trading centers in Africa.From 1450-1550, the Shanghai kingdom grew very powerful and prosperous. It had well organized system of government, a developed currency and it imported fabrics from Europe. In most African societies, there was very little difference between the free peasants and the feudal peasants. The loyal peasants of the Shanghai Muslim Empire were used primarily in agriculture; for example they paid tribute to their masters in crop and service but they were slightly restricted in custom and convenience. In the Kane Born Empire, loyal peasants were three classes beneath the nobles.Slavery in African cultures was like indentured servitude, although in certain parts of sub-Sahara Africa, laves were used for human sacrifices in annual rituals, such as those rituals practiced by the people of Doomed. In many African communities, where land could not be owned, enslavement of individuals was used as a means to increase the influence a person had and expand connections, such as the Shanghai Empire. The Shanghai Empire was a pre-colonial West African trading state centered on the middle reaches of the Niger River in what is now central Mali.The empire extended west to the coast of the Atlantic Ocean, and east into present-day Nigeria and Burning Fast. Considered one of the greatest African empires, from the early fifteenth to the late sixteenth century, Shanghai was also one of the largest empires in West Africa, stretching all the way to present-day Cameroon. With several thousand cultures under its control, Shanghai was the largest empire in African history. The slave trade was also important for the economic development of West Africa . For a very long time, West African kingdoms had relied on slaves to carry out heavy work.In the Niger Valley many slave communities produced agricultural surpluses for the rulers and nobles of Shanghai The Shanghai kingdom under the rule of Asia Mohammed used slaves as soldiers. Slaves were trusted not to overthrow their rulers. Slaves Were also given important positions as royal advisers. Shanghai rulers believed that slaves could be trusted to provide unbiased advice unlike other citizens who held a personal stake in the outcome of decisions . Another group of slaves was known as palace slaves or the Arab. The Arab slaves served mainly as craftsperson, potters, woodworkers, and musician.Slaves also worked on village farms to help produce enough food to supply the growing population in towns. The empire of Shanghai controlled a vast region of the western savanna until its defeat by Moroccan invasion in 1591 . The west of Africa, the kingdom of Ghana was a vast Empire that spread across an area the size of Western Europe. Between the ninth and thirteenth centuries, it traded in gold, salt and copper. It was like a medieval European empire, with a collection of powerful local rulers, controlled by one king or emperor. Ghana was highly advanced and prosperous. It is said that the Ghanaian ruler had an army of 200,000 men.Ghana was known to have supplied gold, kola nuts and ivory. All the West African states along the Atlantic coast were linked by a southern trade route covering modern Senegal to modern Nigeria. Ghana because of its wealth in gold, exchanged gold for slaves. The treatment of slaves in Ghana was regulated by customary rules. In the event of a slaves master being cruel towards the slave, a slave in Ghana had the options to wait for the opportunity to runaway. Second, the slave could seek protection by throwing themselves on the mercy of a god at the traditional grove or on an ancestral spirit.Third, the slave could swear an oath on another person to adopt them, in which case that person paid compensation to the owner. From the thirteenth to the fifteenth century, the kingdom Of Mali spread across much f West and North-East Africa. At its largest, the kingdom had an organized trading system, with gold dust and agricultural produce being exported north. Mali reached its height in the 14th century. Cowries shells were used as a form of currency and gold, salt and copper were traded. Timeout became the most important city on the trans-Sahara caravan routes. Unlike most of the trading cities, Timeout became known in Europe for its great wealth, even entering the English vernacular. Important but smaller and less known trading centers developed in southern West Africa at the transitional zone between the tropical forest and the savanna. The expansive Mali Empire seized control of important trade routes to the west and east. The rulers of Mali also honored Islam and provided accommodations for Muslim merchants; and encouraged but did not force their subjects to convert. Under the reign of Sundials grand nephew Mans MUSM, trade increased respectively.Mans MUSM made a pilgrimage to Mecca in a gigantic caravan comprised of slaves, soldiers, gold, and many attendants . He presented lavish gifts to those who accommodated him on the way. While staying in Cairo for three months, he distributed so much gold that its value declined by s much as 25 per cent in local markets . His trip to Mecca caused him to take his Islamic belief much more seriously than before, and he built a number Of Mosques for Muslim merchants When Europeans came to West Africa they broadened and expanded the African slave trade to a brand new world thanks to the Trans Atlantic Slave trade.European traders established new trade routes in Africa, this brought power and wealth to the coast and new nations and states emerged. As the Trans Atlantic trade became more and more lucrative, the new kingdoms on the western coast of Africa that emerged traded gold, Moor, and slaves for firearms. With weapons and wealth, the rulers of the Guiana coast expanded their lands in an effort to gain acquire more slaves. In West African, the Trans-Atlantic slave trade increased due to the European powers beginning to ship slaves to Americas to work on plantations.Afr icans rulers, traders and military aristocracy protected their interest in the slave trade. They discouraged Europeans from leaving the coastal areas to explore the interior of the continent. European trading companies realized the benefit of dealing with African suppliers. The companies could not have gathered the necessary resources it would have oaken to directly capture the tens of millions of people shipped out of Africa. It was safer to give Africans guns to fight the many wars that yielded captives for the trade. The slave trading network stretched deep into the Africans interior.Trade was not accepted with completely open arms in this region however, The Kingdom of Benign initially restricted European slave trade and in other parts of the region At the same time, trans-Sahara trade began to lose its relevance, sending powerful empires on the interior of Africa, such as the Kingdom of Mali, into decline As the kingdoms of Africans interior diverted read toward the coast in an effort to enlarge their power and dominion. Europeans also established colonies on African coasts, further shifting the balance of power . Europeans goods drove Africans to greed, because Africans were extremely far behind in science and technology compared to the Europeans. Europeans were fueled by the agenda to make money from capitalism because they wanted maximum profit which lead to more demands of slaves. Trade with the wealthier Europeans became of prime interest to the Africans. Which lead to the slave trade moving from trans- Sahara trade routes to the much shorter south. The Africans only had to ring the captives to the coastal trading posts.The existence of slavery in Africa and the preexisting trade in people allowed Europeans to mobile the commerce in slaves relatively quickly by tapping existing routes and supplies. In this trade the Europeans were aided by the rulers of certain African states who were anxious to acquire more slaves for them and to supply slaves to the Europeans in exchange for aid and goods. The importation of slaves into the United States was outlawed in 1807 . In the same year, Britain used its naval power and its diplomatic muscle to outlaw trade in slaves by its citizens and o begin a campaign to stop the international trade in slaves.These attempts were not successful until the 1 sass because of the continued demand for plantation labor in the New World. In conclusion the effects of the slave trade on West African societies are best seen in the great West African Empires of Ghana, Mali and Shanghai. These empires were developed in West Africa during the slave trade era. The economies of these West African Empires were dependent on slave trading. Neighboring states competed with one another for trade, leading to wars, which in turn led to the capture of more slaves. Slave raiding in West, Africa became more common.The Atlantic slave trade overshadowed the Sub- Sahara slave trade in terms of number of export, impact on African practices of slavery, and lasting effect on Africa in general. These great kingdoms of the West African society before Europeans arrived were highly sophisticated trade routes and well established means of free labor where the slaves were treated with dignity and respect not tortured, raped, beaten and striped of all human rights. Europeans corrupted slavery to the point where slaves were viewed as animals that were not entitled to anything but hard labor.
Saturday, March 21, 2020
Blowback essays Chalmers Johnson presents a provocative analysis of the consequences of American political and military policy abroad in his progressive book, Blowback. The term blowback was first invented by the CIA to describe the effect that Americas operations in foreign countries could potentially result in retaliation. The book was published in 2000, eighteen months prior to the 9/11 terrorist attacks, but clearly outlined the likelihood of such an event occurring. The first two chapters in the book alone serve up a strong cautionary case warning us about the negative impact US foreign policy has overseas. The following quote sums up the main premise of the book, Although most Americans may be largely ignorant of what was, and still is, being done in their names, all are likely to pay a steep price-individually and collectively-for their nation's continued efforts to dominate the global scene. Johnson p.33 Johnson argues that America has become an empire that has placed its military presence all over the globe, and uses American dollars to shape the economic climate in many foreign countries. He goes a bit far though in his prediction that our countrys political overreach ultimately spells disaster for the empire. He draws the simple conclusion that since America is an empire, and all empires fall, so America will fall. The fact that we have military bases abroad does not equate America to the Roman Empire. However, some of the events that occur as a byproduct of our presence overseas have long lasting tragic consequences, and the appalling manner that our government responds to US inflicted atrocities bring shame and dishonor upon all of us. An accident caused by a Marine Corps pilot that resulted in the deaths of 20 Italians when a ski-lift cable was cut seems to be gross negligence in light of the facts that the altitude and speed parameters were both violated. Yet the ...
Wednesday, March 4, 2020
History of Kitchen Appliance Inventions By definition, the kitchen is a room used for food preparation that is typically equipped with a stove, a sink for cleaning food and dish-washing, and cabinets and refrigerators for storing food and equipment. Kitchens have been around for centuries, however, it was not until post-civil war period that the majority of kitchen appliances were invented. The reason was that most people no longer had servants and housewives working alone in the kitchen needed culinary help. The advent of Ã¢â¬â¹electricity greatly advanced the technology of labor-saving kitchen appliances. History of Large Kitchen Appliances Dishwasher:Ã In 1850, Joel Houghton patented a wooden machine with a hand-turned wheel that splashed water on dishes, it was hardly a workable machine, but it was the first patent.Garbage Disposer:Ã Architect, inventor John W. Hammes built his wife the worlds first kitchen garbage disposer in 1927. After 10Ã years of design improvement, Hammes went into business selling his appliance to the public. His company was called the In-Sink-Erator Manufacturing Company.Ovens or Stoves:Ã The first historical record of a stove refers to a device built in 1490 in Alsace, France.Microwave Ovens: The microwave oven was invented by Percy L. Spencer.Refrigerator: Before mechanical refrigeration systems were introduced, people cooled their food with ice and snow, either found locally or brought down from the mountains. History of Small Kitchen Appliances Apple Parer: On February 14, 1803, the apple parer was patented by Moses Coates.Blender:Ã In 1922, Stephen Poplawski invented the blender.Cheese-Slicer:Ã The cheese-slicer is a Norwegian invention.Corkscrews:Ã Corkscrew inventors were inspired by a tool called the bulletscrew or gun worm, a device that extracted stuck bullets from rifles.CuisinartÃ Food Processor:Ã Carl Sontheimer invented the Cuisinart food processor.Green Garbage Bags:Ã The familiar green plastic garbage bag (made from polyethylene) was invented by Harry Wasylyk in 1950.Electric Kettle:Ã Arthur Leslie Large invented the electric kettle in 1922. General Electric introduced the electric kettle with an automatic cut-out in 1930.Weber Kettle Grill:Ã George Stephen invented the original Weber Kettle Grill in 1951.Mason Jar:Ã John Mason patented the screw neck bottle or the Mason Jar on November 30, 1858.Electric Mixers:Ã The first patent that can claim to be for an electric mixer was issued on Novemb er 17, 1885, to Rufus M. Eastman. Lillian Moller Gilbreth (1878-1972), the mother of 12 children, also patented an electric food mixer (at a later date). Mixmaster:Ã Ivar Jepson invented Sunbeam Mixmaster, which he patented in 1928, and first mass-marketed in 1930.Paper Towels:Ã The Scott Paper Company was founded in Philadelphia by Irvin and Clarence Scott in 1879. Brothers Seymour and Irvin Scott ran a paper commission business for twelve years, but the poor economy in the 1870s forced them out of business. Irvin and his younger brother, Clarence, then decided to form their own company out of the remains of the first. Irvin reportedly borrowed $2,000 from his father-in-law and added it to the $300 the two brothers had to form the capital of Scott Paper Company. In 1907, Scott Paper introduced the Sani-Towels paper towel, the first paper towels. They were invented for use in Philadelphia classrooms to help prevent the spread of the common cold from child to child.Peelers:Ã The nineteenth-century created numerous kitchen use inventions: toasters, potato mashers, apple/potato peelers, food choppers, and sausage stuffers were all invented. Over 185 patents for coffee grinders and over 500 patents for apple/potato peelers were patented in the 1800s. Early peelers were made of iron and the patent number and other information were included in the casting. Peelers ranged from the familiar and simple round swiveling rod with a knife blade that peeled skin, to contraptions full of gears and wheels that could peel, core, slice, and section. There were separate peelers designed for different fruits and vegetables; there were even peelers that removed the kernels from ears of corn. Pressure Cooker:Ã In 1679, French physicist Denis Papin invented the pressure cooker, called Papins Digester, this airtight cooker produced hot steam that cooked food more quickly while preserving nutrients.Saran Wrap:Ã Saran polyvinylidene chloride or Saran resins and films (called PVDC) have been wrapping products for more than 50 years.Soap and Detergents: The history of soaps and detergents as we know them today date back to the 1800s.Squeegee:Ã The single-blade window cleaning squeegee was invented by Ettore Sceccone in 1936.Toaster: Toasting bread began as a method of prolonging the life of bread. It was a common activity in Roman times, tostum is the Latin word for scorching or burning.Tupperware: Tupperware, plastic containers with airtight lids, was invented by Earl Silas Tupper.Waffle Iron: The waffle iron was patented on August 24, 1869, invented by Cornelius Swarthout of Troy, New York. The patent described the invention as a device to bake waffles.
Monday, February 17, 2020
Leadership and Communication - Term Paper Example Each leader possesses a unique leadership style and/or philosophy and communicates in a particular way depending on numerous factors such as their individual personalities, their levels of experience, education, or training, which greatly determines how followers react to leadership (Hersey, Blanchard, & Johnson,2013). Three major leadership styles that have persisted over the years include the Authoritarian, Democratic as well as Laissez-Fair; the autocratic leader establishes clear guidelines specifying tasks and procedures for accomplishing the given tasks thereby providing guidance for his or her followers. Nonetheless, the autocratic leaders make their independent decisions without involving their followers and are viewed as controlling, bossy and dictatorial thus may undermine the motivation of the workforce in accomplishing their specific tasks. Unlike the autocratic style, the democratic style of leadership entails a consideration of group input in the decision-making process ; precisely, democratic leaders value the need to engage followers in decision-making by listening to their suggestions. Consequently, the democratic leader makes his/her followers feel more engaged, valued and respected, which eventually makes them even more creative and motivated to contribute to the success of the organization; nonetheless, this style may also undermine performance due to disagreements and long consultation sessions. Unlike the other two leadership styles, the Laissez-Fair is suitable for work environments that have responsible group members that can work productively on their own without any form of supervision.